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How to Build and Test

In OpenYurt repository, currently(v0.5.0, commit: ef26d5c6) 5 components are contained, including:

  1. yurthub
  2. yurt-controller-manager
  3. yurt-tunnel-server
  4. yurt-tunnel-agent
  5. yurtctl
  6. yurt-node-servant

This artical will give you an introduction of how to build and test the code after development of above components.

How to build

Many approaches of building OpenYurt have been provided in the Makefile. The most often used approach is make release, which will compile the code and build images for you. Here's the use case:

make release WHAT="${components[@]}" ARCH="${archs[@]}" REGION="${your_region}"

WHAT represents components that you want to build, as mentioned at the beginning of the artical.
ARCH represents archtectures of target platforms, including amd64, arm and arm64.
REGION will affect the GOPROXY when compiling the code. Currently, cn and us are supported, representing using GOPROXY= and GOPROXY= respectively. Its default value is us. It's recommanded that developers in China should always set REGION=cn explicitly to ensure the successful build.


make release WHAT="yurtctl yurthub" ARCH="arm64 amd64" REGION=cn

After the successful build, we can find images and binaries under _output folder, dockerfiles under dockerbuild folder. All of these images are built based on the Linux platform. Currently, we cannot change the target OS platform. If you actually want to do it, please refer to the following approach.

Another build approach is provided in Makefile, using make build command. With this command, we can compile the code for any archtecture and any platform. We will take yurtctl as an example, and other components can be built in the same way.

Build based on the loacl platform

make build WHAT=yurtctl

This command will build the yurtctl binary according to the archtecture and OS of your local host. The output binary can be found under the _output folder.

Cross Compilation


GOOS=${target_os} GOARCH=${target_arch} CGO_ENABLED=0 make build WHAT=yurtctl

This command will enable the built yurtctl binary to run on any platform as you want, through setting the target_os and target_arch. To avoid some problems of compatibility, we'd better set CGO_ENABLED=0.


Because there's no make command on Windows(if you don't have Cygwin), we have to run go build manually to compile the code. Steps in powershell(run as administrator) are as follows:

  1. prepare environment variables Replace target_os and target_arch as what you want.
$Env:GOOS = $Env:target_os
$Env:GOARCH = $Env:target_arch
$Env:GOLDFLAGS = "-s -w
-X$(git describe --abbrev=0)
-X$(git rev-parse HEAD)
-X$(date -u +'%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ')"
  1. run go build Run go build to compile the code, with the -ldflags=$Env:GOLDFLAGS option.
go build -ldflags=$Env:GOLDFLAGS cmd/yurtctl/yurtctl.go

Build images manually

In this section, we can find the dockerfile for each component. It will help you use docker build to build images. Here's the table giving base images yurtctl and yurt-node-servant will use.

ArchBase Image

yurtctl(yurt-servant) dockerfile

FROM ${baseimage}
ADD yurtctl /usr/local/bin/yurtctl

yurt-node-servant dockerfile

FROM ${baseimage}
ADD /usr/local/bin/
RUN chmod +x /usr/local/bin/
ADD yurt-node-servant /usr/local/bin/node-servant

dockerfiles of other components

Other components use the different base image. We use ${arch} to represent the target arch(including amd64, arm and arm64), ${component} to represent the component to built(as mentioned at the beginning of this artical). Then the dockerfile is as follows:

COPY ${component} /usr/local/bin/${component}
ENTRYPOINT ["/usr/local/bin/${component}"]

How to test

There are tests of two types: unit test and e2e test.

Unit test

In unit test, it will run the test code under cmd and pkg folder, whose names have the suffix of _test.go.

make test

e2e test

This section shows how to build and run the e2e test for OpenYurt. The test for node autonomy is still under development.

If you have already set up the OpenYurt cluster, you can immediately follow the steps to test your cluster. Otherwise, you can quickly set up the OpenYurt at your local host with instructions at Local Up OpenYurt.

You can use the following command to run e2e tests. Assuming that you've entered the openyurt work path, run

make e2e-tests

This command will help you run e2e tests on OpenYurt cluster. It will use kubeconfig at ${KUBECONFIG}, default path is $HOME/.kube/config. If there's no config found, it will end with error. The test result will show on the stdout:

Ran 5 of 5 Specs in 82.279 seconds
SUCCESS! -- 5 Passed | 0 Failed | 0 Pending | 0 Skipped

If you need further configuration for yurt-e2e-test to specify its behavior(such as running autonomy e2e test case), you can manually run the e2e test as we will introduce in the next section.

Run e2e test manually

Let's build the e2e binary yurt-e2e-test as follows:

1) entering the openyurt work path:

$ cd openyurt

2) building the binary:

$ make e2e

Then, you can use yurt-e2e-test binary to test OpenYurt. 1) If you run yurt-e2e-test without node autonomy test, such as:

$ ./_output/bin/linux/amd64/yurt-e2e-test --kubeconfig=$HOME/.kube/config  --report-dir=./

This will run some basic tests after k8s is converted to openyurt. It refers to the operation of namespace and pod.

2) If you run yurt-e2e-test, and want to test yurt node autonomy on local machine.In this way, it depends on yourself to restart node. And yurt-e2e-test will wait for restarting node and checking pod status to test yurt node autonomy.

$ ./_output/bin/linux/amd64/yurt-e2e-test --kubeconfig=$HOME/.kube/config  --report-dir=./  --enable-yurt-autonomy=true

3) If you want to test yurt node autonomy on aliyun ecs or aliyun ens with binary of yurt-e2e-test, TBD.

The path of yurt-e2e-test binary depends on the platform of your local host.

Finally, you can check test result in stdout or in file yurt-e2e-test-report_01.xml(specified by the --report-dir option).


  1. "go: revision xxx" occurs during build
    It's often caused for too low git version on your host. You can try to update git.

  2. "unsupported GOOS/GOARCH pair xxx/xxx" occurs during compilation
    Not all GOOS/GOARCH pairs are supported by go, such as go1.17.3 cannot support windows/arm64. You can check all supported pairs through go tool dist list.

  3. "cannot execute binary file: Exec format error" occurs when running binaries built on other platform.
    It's often caused by an unsuccessful cross compilation, and the OS cannot recoginze the file format. When you run cross compilation on Windows, please ensure that you run it as an administractor.